The capital city of the region of Tuscany, acrossed by the river Arno, it was founded by Julius Caesar in the 59 b.C. and called Florentia. Historically, it has been a world centre in terms of art, architecture, intellectualism and the age of great splendour was the Renaissance. Florence is one of the most enchanting cities in Europe and it's very renowned for its monuments and museums containing some of Michelangelo's most famous works.
The Academia's Gallery exhibits art used by the Academy's art instructors during the Renaissance to teach students. Here it's possible see the famous Statue of David by Michelangelo, as well as other important Italian works of art known all over the world. Piazza del Duomo is the site of the principal places of religious interest: the Baptistry, a Romanesque building, built between 11th-12th century, with beautiful bronze doors and mosaics; the Giotto Bell Tower, built in 14th century; and the Duomo which is one of the world's largest Cathedrals that boasts many works by famous artists.
In Piazza della Signoria it's possible admire the Palazzo Vecchio (Old Palace) built in the early 14th century and after few minutes the Uffizi Gallery is located, the finest art gallery in the world, that displays a wide collection of Italian and foreign art. Then Ponte Vecchio (Old Bridge) built in the 14th century, and the fascinating Church of Santa Croce (13th century, Gothic), containing the tombs of Michelangelo, Galilei, Alfieri, Machiavelli, Foscolo and others great men. d.